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Home > Tutorials > Style Guides> APA Style - Citations

APA Style - Citations

American Psychological Association (APA) Referencing System

APA style
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia...


American Psychological Association

  1. The Basics of APA Style
  2. Frequently Asked Questions About APA Style
  3. APA Style Help
  4. APA Style: Learning APA Style
  5. Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition American Psychological Association
  6. Sample Paper

Free Tutorials

Online Course

APA tutorial


Sample Paper

Local Copy

  Reference Examples

Reference Examples PDF


Changes in version 6

Changes to citations in APA format include:

Corrections to the First Printing of the Publication Manual
of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition (July 2009)


American Psychological Association. (2009). What’s new in the sixth edition [video tutorial]. Retrieved from

American Psychological Association. (2009). What's new in the sixth edition of the publication manual? Chapter-by-chapter changes.

     Retrieved from http://apastyle.apa.org/manual/whats-new.aspx

American Psychological Association. (2009). APA style blog. Retrieved from http://blog.apastyle.org/


Alvin Sherman Library, Research, and Information Technology Center. (2008). HELP: APA (6th edition). Retrieved from


Baggs, J.G. (2009). It’s b-a-a-a-a-a-a-ck again, or how to live with the new APA manual: Reprise for edition 6.

      Research in Nursing and Health, 32, 477-479. doi: 10.1002/nur.20351

Hi Rupert,
I was researching a topic of Citation Styles for my article and discovered your site.
Particularly, this page was extremely useful for the research - http://rupert.id.au/apa/index.php My compliments on putting together so many useful links!

However, while scrutinizing the material, I did notice a few dead links, and decided to inform you...

My colleagues and I actually just published interactive Citation Styles Guide:


This guide provides students with free downloadable examples of any citations they need and saves a lot of time while writing research papers. I think it may be of use to you if you decide to update your page.

Thank you, and have a great day,
Jack Milgram
Writer & Blogger w: custom-writing.org/blog

I'm writing to you on behalf of my homeschooling group. I've been referencing your page, http://rupert.id.au/apa/index.php, for my students' research projects that they'll be working on for the rest of the month. So I just wanted to say thanks for all the help from all of us!

My daughter, found a great article on using citations: http://www.marcaria.com/internet-resources-on-citing-the-trademark-of-a-good-writer.asp . Can you include this on your page? She wants to go to college for English, so I thought this would give her more encouragement, plus help others with their writing projects. :-)

If you have any other information or resources you think the group could use, please pass them on. Thanks again!




Australian Catholic University, Academic Skills Unit. (2004). Referencing using APA style.

     Retrieved July 26, 2008, from

Curtin University of Technology, Library & Information Services (2008).

      APA referencing 2008.
Retrieved July 26, 2008, from      


UoB Style Guide by Helen Hayes version 27-08-08-04
I have updated this document to reflect changes introduced in the 5th edition of APA.

APA formatting and style guide: Reference list: Electronic Sources. (2008).

     Retrieved August 31, 2008 from The OWL at Purde Web site:


Online guides to citing electronic sources (2008). Retrieved August 31, 2008 from

      The OWL at Purde web site:



Citation Machine

Citation Machine is an interactive Web tool designed to assist teachers and students in producing reference citations for crediting information from other people. You merely...

1 Click the type of resource you wish to cite,
2 Complete the Web form that appears with information from your resource, and
3 Click Make Citations to generate standard MLA & APA citations.


APA Format Biz (n.d.). Electronic sources. Retrieved July 26, 2008, from http://www.apa-format.biz/Electronic-Sources.html

American Psychological Association (APA) style examples
(2008). Retrieved July 26, 2008,

     from Monash University Library web site: http://www.lib.monash.edu.au/tutorials/citing/apa.html

APA style examples: Other sources
(2008). Retrieved July 26, 2008, from Monash University Library web site:




The APA (American Psychological Association) Referencing System http://www.lc.unsw.edu.au/onlib/ref_apa.html

Plonsky, M. (2007). Psychology with style: A hypertext writing guide (for the 5th edition of the APA Manual)

     Retrieved July 26, 2008, from http://www.uwsp.edu/psych/apa4b.htm


Referencing using the APA (American Psychological Association) system (2007). Retrieved July 26, 2008, from

Ohio State University Libraries - APA Citation Guide


University of Melbourne, Academic Skills Unit (2008). Referencing. Retrieved July 26, 2008, from



Online Citation Tools




Best, C. J., Cummins, R. A., & Sing, K. L. (2000). The quality of rural and metropolitan life.
      Australian Journal of Psychology, 52,

Author's Surname, Initials. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, Volume number,

     Page number/s.


The details required, in order, are:

1. name(s) of author(s) of the article
2. year of publication in pren
3. title of article
4. title of journal and volume number italicised
5. issue (or part) number for journals without continuous pagination
7. page number(s)

Huffman, L.M. (1996). Processing whey protein for use as a food ingredient.
      Food Technology
, 50(2), 49-52.

Explanation of citation:

APA Style.org

Article in an Internet-only journal

Fredrickson, B. L. (2000, March 7). Cultivating positive emotions to optimize
     health and well-being.

     Prevention & Treatment 3(1), Retrieved August 31, 2008,

     from http://psycnet.apa.org/?fa=main.doiLanding&doi=10.1037/1522-3736.3.1.31a

     doi: 10.1037/1522-3736.3.1.31a

APA citation:
Russell, R. (2017, March 24, 01:14 pm). APA Style - Citations.
     Retrieved March 25, 2018, from

938 visits since October 29, 2005

Last refreshed: March 25 2018. 01:56.17 pm

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